Colonial Korea: Anguksa Temple – 안국사 (Pyongsong, South Pyongan)


Anguksa Temple from Pyongsong, South Pyongan, North Korea in 1932.

Hello Again Everyone!!

The second article in this series about Korean Buddhist temples during the Japanese colonial rule over Korea from 1910-45 is about another North Korean temple. This time, I’ll be focusing on the historic Anguksa Temple in Pyongsong, South Pyongan, North Korea.

Anguksa Temple was first constructed in 503 A.D. during the Goguryeo Dynasty. Throughout the years, Anguksa Temple has undergone renovation and reconstruction. First the temple was reconstructed in 1419, and then it was renovated in 1785 during the reign of King Jeongjo of Joseon.

The temple is scenically located on the slopes of Mt. Pongrin. While the temple was first founded in 503 A.D., all of the temple buildings date back to the late Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). The Daeung-jeon main hall at Anguksa Temple is designated National Treasure #34. The Daeung-jeon is an impressive two story structure that measures 17 metres by 13 metres.


The two story main hall at Anguksa Temple from 1932.


The intricate eaves as seen from this photo from 1932.


The backside of the main hall.


The elaborate latticework that adorns the Daeung-jeon main hall.


The interior of the main hall.


The main altar inside the Daeung-jeon.


And what Anguksa Temple looks like as of 2007 (courtesy of Wikipedia).