Seokbulsa Temple – 석불사 (Buk-gu, Busan)

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A view of the beautiful sculptures at Seokbulsa Temple in Busan

Hello Again Everyone!!

Waking up really, really early to beat the summer heat, my wife, in-laws and I decided to visit Seokbulsa Temple (석불사) in Busan. It’s only about a 15 minute drive from my in-laws place, and it had been at least six years since I last visited it, so it was an easy decision to make to visit a lesser known, hard to reach, but beautiful Buddhist temple in Busan.

The temple was formerly known as Byeongpungam Hermitage (“Folding Screen Hermitage”) based on the way that all the rock faces are formed like a screen between the folds of the mountain rocks. But guessing, once the rock carvings of the Buddhas, Boddhisattvas, and guardians were etched into the face of the mountain, the name of the temple changed to its present name: Seokbulsa Temple  “Rock Buddha Temple.”

Parking the car a bit down the mountain, we made a 10 minute hike up the side of Mt. Geumjeongsan. But I guess it’s better than the 45 to 60 minute hike up the mountain if you’re walking from the base of the mountain. As you first approach the temple, you’ll first notice the sentry-like bell pavilion at Seokbulsa Temple. To the left, standing under the shade of the bell pavilion, is the old path that worked its way through the forest towards the temple. Along the way you can see a stupa for a deceased monk. And to the right is a locked door with swastikas on it that you used to be able to walk through to gain entrance to the temple.  Unfortunately, it now seems to be off bounds. Continuing your way up the side-winding road, you’ll pass through the entrance gate. There are two menacing Nathwi (Monster Masks) staring down at you on either side of the gate. And under the arch of the gate are two beautifully intertwined dragons both chasing pearls into their mouths.

Once you’ve enter the asphalt courtyard, you’ll have amazing views of Busan down in the valleys below.  And if you look close enough you can see the Gwangalli bridge to the left side of the cityscape. Looking at the temple grounds, you’ll notice the newer looking bell pavilion that first greeted you to the temple on your walk up. Behind this bell pavilion is a much older, and more moss covered, Dharma Bell and Wooden Fish drum pavilion. To the left, and probably the main reason you came to visit Seokbulsa Temple, are the temple buildings and the 10 metre tall stone sculptures in a U-shaped stone enclave. To the immediate left is the monk dorm.  Beside it is the two storied stone main hall. On the first level is where the solitary Seokgamoni-bul resides. Above him, on the second floor, are hundreds of small Buddha statues, with Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy) at the main altars centre.  On either side of him is Moonsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyun-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). Instead of having any paintings adorning this rock temple hall there are stone sculptures of dragons and phoenixes with smaller sized Buddha and Bodhisattva statues in the eaves. To the immediate right of the two storied stone main hall is a stone building dedicated to Chilseong (The Big Dipper).

Through a corridor between these two stone temple structures is the U-shaped stone enclave with the numerous and awe-inspiring 10 metre tall stone sculptures sculpted on to the face of a part of Mt. Geumjeongsan. Centred, and the figure that everyone is praying to on their mats, is Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). To the left are two of the Heavenly Kings.  Beside these two Heavenly King Guardians is an image of Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy). On the right side of the U-Shaped stone enclave are the other two Heavenly King Guardians.  And beside these two, again, is another image of a Buddha. There are numerous little cave shrines littered throughout the face of the mountain. Up the narrow stairs is a shrine hall dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) and Dokseong (The Recluse). On your way up you’ll notice smaller sized sculptures. These 16 smaller sculptures are the 16 Nahan. To the right of the Sanshin shrine hall is a narrow rock opening. Squeeze your way through to get some more amazing views of the city of Busan down below.

HOW TO GET THERE:  As I said from the start, Seokbulsa Temple is neither easy to get to, nor is it easy to find. Use subway line #3 to Mandeok Station. Take exit #2 and walk toward the upper and older tunnel. Then follow the road uphill, past a bevy of motels and restaurants, for about 45 to 60 minutes. Follow the signs along the way that read석불사. Either that or you can use subway line #1 and get off at Oncheonjang Station, and exit through exit #1. You’ll then have to follow the brown sign pointing you towards Geumgang Park. Here, you can either take the cable car to the top of the mountain or hike it.  I suggest taking the cable car. From where the cable car lets you off, find Nammun Village (남문마을). Nammun Village is a collection of restaurants and Jokgu (volleyball soccer) courts. Walk through this village and steer left as you follow a stream while you descend down towards the temple. The road will fork like a “Y”, follow the path that leads you right, because it’ll eventually (and hopefully) lead you to Seokbulsa Temple.  Either way is strenuous, but the temple at the top will be well worth your effort! Admission to the temple is free.

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OVERALL RATING:  9/10. For the 10 metre tall awe-inspiring stone sculptures alone, the time and effort it takes to find Seokbulsa Temple, it’s well worth it. But add to it the stone main hall and the shrine hall dedicated to Chilseong, as well as the beautiful views of Busan down below, and the temple is worth that much more of an effort to get to and find.

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The sentry-like bell pavilion that welcomes you to Seokbulsa Temple.
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The former entrance gate to the temple with two left leaning swastikas.
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A look down at Busan from the temple courtyard.
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A menacing Nathwi protectively welcoming you to Seokbulsa Temple.  This Nathwi adorns the left side of the entrance gate at the temple.
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A view of the temple buildings.
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 A better look at the sentry-like bell pavilion that welcomes you to the temple.  Off in the distance is another view of Busan down below.
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The ancient looking and moss-laden Dharma bell pavilion at the temple.
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Another look at the courtyard at the temple with the monk dorms to the left and the two storied main hall to the right.
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On the first floor of the main hall is a statue of Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha).
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Inside the second floor of the main hall are the altar pieces: Birojan-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy),  and on either side of him is Moonsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyun-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power).
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Accompanying the altar pieces are hundreds of these Buddha statues.
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A look across the front of the second floor of the main hall.
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 A look through the main hall and the shrine hall dedicated to Chilseong down at Busan below.
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Inside the shrine hall is a beautiful painting dedicated to Chilseong (The Bigger Dipper/Seven Stars).
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And the first view of the enclave with all the beautiful Buddhist sculptures etched into the mountain’s face.  The first two sculptures to the left are the Heavenly Guardian Kings. To the right is Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy).
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The main altar piece sculpture that everyone is praying to is Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion).
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Just one of the shrines placed in a cave at the temple.
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The narrow stairs that lead up to the Sanshin shrine at Seokbulsa Temple.
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 A better look, and a better idea of just how large these sculptures stand, with Busan off in the distance.
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A sculpture of Seokgamoni-bul with the 16 Nahan etched beside him.
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This narrow passage beside the Sanshin shrine hall is tight!
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But it has some spectacular views of beautiful Busan down below.
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One last look up at the Heavenly Guardian King, Kwangmok Chon-wang, the Guaridan of the West that holds a dragon in his unflinching hand.

18 thoughts on “Seokbulsa Temple – 석불사 (Buk-gu, Busan)

  1. Great post Dale, we took this hike yesterday, thoroughly enjoyed it too! Fantastic temple, beautiful scenery and epic views. I just wanted to add, that we went back a different way, coming out of the temple gate, instead of heading down the road we went along a path straight in front of us. We then immediately turned right, heading straight up the mountain effectively taking you over the top of Seokbulsa. When you reach the peak, you bear right following the ridge. Eventually the road splits, either heading up some steel steps to another peak, or downwards a little. We took the downwards way, followed the path along for about 20mins until we hit some wooden steps, took these up and back down the other side, which eventually brought us out at Nammun. The actual gate. Made the hike a complete loop which was nice!

  2. I have the same question, will be visiting Busan next month but we have a tight itinerary so we want to get to the temple as quickly as possible. Is it possible that we get off from a train station nearest to the mountain then hail a taxi to go up that paved road? Then we can just get dropped off at the point where only walking up the mountain can be done (which you mentioned is around 10 mins). If so, what will we tell the driver? Thanks!

    • I’m not sure what the closest train station might be. It might be expensive. It might be easier to get off at the closest subway stop and then get a taxi to take you the rest of the way. All you have to tell the taxi driver is “Seokbulsa”, which is pronounced Sock bull sa. I’ve done it a couple times. Good luck and enjoy!

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  4. Hello there, my first trip to Busan. I'll be driving from Gimhae Airport to Seokbulsa. Can you be kind enough to send me a roadmap of how to get there as mentioned? Thanks in advance. on said:

    Kindly contact me via my email address.

  5. Hello Dale!

    I want to ask for your permission to use the information you have gathered on your blog on my radio show.

    I am an MC/Host for a Busan E-FM radio show. My name is David and I host the show called “On the Road Busan.”

    You can go to the following website and check it out.

    I have my own writer and a translator for my scripts, but on daily basis I do write something of mine for a corner called ‘Travel Tips.’

    And from time to time, I mention blogs written by bloggers from all around the world who visited Busan.

    Instead of looking for copyright claims, I just want to contact you directly, but I thought the easiest way was to leave a comment so you can message me back right away!

    I just review blogs so that people can get another perspective at it, and a good way, I think, for your blog to be heard all over Busan.

    Let me know if I can mention your blog on air at

    Best regards,


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  8. Hi Dale!

    I really enjoy your site and use it frequently to check out temples all over Korea. A friend and I recently visited Seokbulsa, and I’m curious, any idea when the guardians and buddhas were carved into the rock?


    • Hello Shelley,

      I’m happy to hear that the site helps you. I’m not completely sure about when the carvings were made at Seokbulsa Temple; however, with that said, I would say that the carvings couldn’t be any older than a hundred years for a couple of reasons. First, they are still in very good shape. I have seen other carvings at other temples in similar shape, and they were no more than a couple hundred years old at most. And the second reason is that the main statue at Seokbulsa Temple of Gwanseeum-bosal is in fact a copy of the image that appears in Seokguram Grotto in Gyeongju. Hope that helps and thanks for the question.

  9. My feelings exactly. They seemed very ‘fresh’ compared to others I’ve seen. However, it certainly doesn’t make them any less appealing!! Thanks!

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