Gayasa Temple – 가야사 (Busanjin-gu, Busan)

The ancient Iljumun Gate and temple grounds at Gayasa Temple in Busanjin-gu, Busan.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Gayasa Temple in Busan is located on the northern part of Mt. Palgeumsan (236m) in Busanjin-gu. The temple is located near downtown Seomyeon; and with the right angle, you can get some great views of Busan down below and the port off in the distance.

You first approach Gayasa Temple down some backstreets and up a slight incline in the mountain. The first thing to greet you is the leaf covered Iljumun Gate at the temple. Next, you’ll climb a set of stairs that are lined with beautiful, mature trees.

Finally, after climbing the set of uneven stone and cement stairs, you’ll come to the main temple ground. The original temple Iljumun Gate welcomes you to the temple courtyard. With its slender pillars and fading Manja (swastika) symbol in the centre, this Iljumun Gate gives a glimpse a bit further back into Korean Buddhist artwork and architecture.

To the right of the ancient Iljumun Gate is the temple’s main hall and pagoda. The five tiered stone pagoda looks newer in design. As for the main hall, the exterior walls are adorned with beautiful Shimu-do, Ox-Herding, murals. As for inside the Daeung-jeon main hall, you’ll see a triad of statues resting on the main altar. Seated in the centre is a statue of Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). This statue is joined on either side by Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). To the right of the main altar is an elaborate statue and mural dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). And to the left of the main altar is a golden capped statue of Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). Rounding out the artwork in the main hall is a Shinjung Taenghwa (guardian mural) that hangs on the far left wall.

To the left of the main hall and pagoda are commemorative tablets to the left and a beautiful pond. The large stone image of Gwanseeum-bosal sits behind the pond with her left foot raised. Praying in the middle of the pond is a stone image of a dongja (assistant).

Behind the pond, and up a set of stairs, are a pair of shrine halls. The first of the two is the Chilseong-gak. Have a look at the shrine hall’s signboard as you walk in. It’s absolutely stunning. As you step inside this shaman shrine hall, you’ll see a triad of statues resting on the main altar with an elaborate Chilseong mural backing these three statues. And painted on the wall is another incarnation of Chilseong (a rarity at Korean temples).

And the second of these two shaman shrine halls is the Sanshin/Dokseong-gak. Again, this shrine hall has a beautiful signboard hanging over the entry. Stepping inside, you’ll see beautiful, but rather traditional, images of Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) to the left and Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) to the right.

HOW TO GET THERE: To get to Gayasa Temple, you’ll first need to ride the subway to Gaya Station, stop #221. Then, take exit #3. Head to your right and take the first major road that heads south. From there, you’ll cross a major road. Continue to head south towards the mountain. Eventually, you should be able to see the signs that guide you towards the temple. In total, from the subway, the walk should take 7 minutes, or 500 metres.

OVERALL RATING: 6/10. While not the largest or most elaborate temple that you’ll visit in Korea, Gayasa Temple in Busan definitely has some beautiful highlights like the pair of Iljumun Gates that welcome you to the temple, as well as the temple pond and pair of signboards that hang over the entries of the shaman shrine hall.

The first of two Iljumun Gates at Gayasa Temple.

The set of stairs that lead up to the main temple grounds.

The beautiful, old Iljumun Gate that frames the rest of the temple grounds.

The memorial shrines at the temple entry.

The Daeung-jeon main hall and five tier stone pagoda at Gayasa Temple.

One of the Shimu-do, Ox-Herding, murals that adorns the exterior walls to the main hall.

A look inside the Daeung-jeon Hall with Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) seated in the centre of the main altar.

The statue of Gwanseeum-bosal and the two shaman shrine halls to the rear of the main hall.

A better look at the temple pond.

With Gwanseeum-bosal seated on the lip of the pond with a dongja praying towards her.

Inside the Chilseong-gak.

The mural that adorns an interior wall inside the Chilseong-gak.

The signboard that hangs above the entry to the Sanshin/Dokseong-gak shaman shrine hall.

The rather traditional mural dedicated to the Mountain Spirit, Sanshin.

Joined to the right by this painting of Dokseong, the Lonely Saint.

Geumryunsa Temple – 금륜사 (Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do)

A look at Geumryunsa Temple from Mt. Geumjeongsan in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Geumryunsa Temple is located in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do on the very northern part of the very large Mt. Geumjeongsan (801.5m). The temple rests just east of Janggun-bong Peak, which stands at 727 metres.

All in and around the temple, as you make your way towards the temple, is a new apartment complex that’s in development. Because of this, a lot of the old sign markers that point towards Geumryunsa Temple are now removed. However, from the highway, you can see Geumryunsa Temple half-way up the mountain. And once you clear the apartment development, you’ll come to a part of the forested mountain. From here, follow the signs and the road that lead up towards the temple.

As you approach the ever increasing elevation, and the temple in the process, you’ll find the front façade at Geumryunsa Temple. The first floor of the temple building is the visitors’ centre and kitchen. To the far right, you’ll notice a newly built stone shrine dedicated to Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha). The seated statue is fronted by a pair of lion-based lanterns that are reminiscent of the ones at Beopjusa Temple.

It’s from this direction that you’ll find a flight of stairs that leads up to the second story of the main hall. It’s here that you’ll find the place where devotees worship. It’s also from this vantage point that you get an amazing view outwards towards the valley down below. The exterior walls to the main hall are adorned with beautiful Palsang-do murals from the Historical Buddha’s life. Also, the main hall is backed by a lush bamboo forest that runs up against the main hall’s tiled roof.

Stepping inside the main hall, you’ll notice a triad of statues on the main altar. Seated in the center is a statue of Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). To the left sits Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) and to the right sits Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). Hanging on the far right wall is a large Shinjung Taenghwa (guardian mural). And as you enter and exit the main hall, you’ll see a skillfully embroidered image of a colour Gwanseeum-bosal and accompanying dragon.

But what really makes Geumryunsa Temple stand out are the pair of mountainside altars that rest to the east and south of the temple grounds. From the temple parking lot, you can follow a relatively easy trail that continues for about 100 metres towards a stone altar and standing stone statue of Gwanseeum-bosal. This wooden decked area has some amazing views of the city of Yangsan to the north and Busan to the south; also with an amazing view of both with a framed Geumryunsa Temple in the background.

Following this trail, or a trail head to the left rear of the main hall, you’ll go an additional 400 metres until you arrive at the second mountainside shrine: Eundong-gul cave. In total, there are three shrines, two of which are cave shrines. Once again, you’ll find a three metre tall standing stone statue dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal, as well as a smaller stone statue of Yongwang (The Dragon King). To the right of these two statues is a cave that is fronted by a glass enclosure. Resting inside this smaller cave is a multi-armed statue of Gwanseeum-bosal and Amita-bul. The larger of the two caves is slightly to the right on a ledge. Housed inside this cave is a painting dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit).

HOW TO GET THERE: From the Yangsan Intercity Bus Terminal, you need to take Bus #17 or #17A.  You’ll need to take this bus for 9 stops, or 17 minutes. You’ll need to get off at the Dongmyun Chodeung Hakyo (elementary school) stop. From where the bus drops you off, you’ll need to walk 20 minutes towards Mt. Geumjeongsan and the temple.

OVERALL RATING: 6/10. Geumryunsa Temple is beautifully situated on Mt. Geumjeongsan. While the temple hall and statues in and around the temple grounds are nice, it’s the accompanying mountainside shrines that makes Geumryunsa Temple a little bit different and a little more special. Also, there are just so many beautiful views of the valley down below with both Busan and Yangsan off in the distance to the north and south.

As you first approach the temple grounds.

The main hall and visitors’ centre at Geumryunsa Temple.

The newly built shrine dedicated to Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha).

A closer look at Mireuk-bul.

And a closer look at the main hall at Geumryunsa Temple.

One of the paintings from the Palsang-do set dedicated to the Historical Buddha.

A bamboo forest to the rear of the main hall.

A look at the main altar inside the main hall with Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) sitting in the centre.

A better look at both Amita-bul and Jijang-bosal.

The Shinjung Taenghwa, guardian mural, that hangs to the right of the main altar.

This embroidery is dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal.

The view from the main hall.

And a look towards a mountainside shrine.

The head of the trail that leads up to the Eundong-gul cave shrine.

The view from the starting point of the trail.

The shrine to the east of Geumryunsa Temple.

The shrine houses this beautiful statue dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal.

And the view towards Yangsan from the beautiful mountainside shrine.

Yongjusa Temple – 용주사 (Changnyeong, Gyeongsangnam-do)

Inside the main hall at Yongjusa Temple in Changnyeong, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Yongjusa Temple, not to be confused with the more famous one in Hwaseong, Gyeonggi-do, is located in Changnyeong, Gyeongsangnam-do. Yongjusa Temple, in English, means “Dragon Jewel Temple.” There are two Yongjusa Temples in Changnyeong. This Yongjusa Temple is located in Gyeseong-myeon. The temple is beautifully framed by Mt. Guhyeonsan (579m). And just to the north is the more popular Samseongam Hermitage. Yongjusa Temple belongs to the Taego-jong Order, which allows its monks to marry.

You first approach Yongjusa Temple off the main highway and down a country road. The entry to the temple is wide and spacious, and the main hall just kind of sits there in a clearing. The first thing you’ll notice is the main hall, which points to the south. There are elaborate blue floral patterns that adorn the exterior walls to this hall, as well as large Shimu-do, Ox-Herding murals.

Stepping inside the main hall, you’ll notice a triad of statues seated on the main altar. Sitting in the centre is Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). He’s joined on either side by Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). To the right of the main altar is a shrine dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). And on the far right wall is another shrine; this time, it’s dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). And to the left of the main altar hangs a beautiful Shinjung Taenghwa, guardian mural. The interior, much like the exterior, is decorated with simplistic Buddhist motif murals, which are somewhat in contrast to the murals you’ll find at Jogye-jong Order temples.

To the left rear of the main hall is the Sanshin-gak Hall. Inside is housed a simplistic painting dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit), as well as a statue dedicated to Sanshin-dosa.

In front of the Sanshin-gak, and almost parallel with the main hall, is the Yongwang-dang. Housed inside this hall is another simplistic shaman painting; however this time, the painting is dedicated to Yongwang (The Dragon King). In front of this painting is a beautiful green dragon statue.

HOW TO GET THERE: If you’re attempting to get to Yongjusa Temple from Daegu, Busan, or Miryang, you can take a bus that heads to the city of Yeongsan. The bus to Yeongsan specifically says Yeongsan-haeng (영산행) on it. During this bus ride to Yeongsan, you’ll have to get off at Gyeseong. And from Gyeseong, you can take a local a taxi. You simply have to tell the taxi driver “Yongjusa” and they’ll know the rest, hopefully.

OVERALL RATING: 3/10. While smaller in size, Yongjusa Temple does have a few highlights to enjoy. First, it’s a Taego-jong Order temple, which has a different feel than a Jogye-jong Order temple (which are the majority of temples in Korea), or even Cheontae-jong Order temples. So it’s a great introduction to a different sect especially when looking at the various artwork. And seeing Yongjusa Temple and the neighbouring Samseongam Hermitage together can make for a nice little day trip.

The main hall as you first approach it.

Some beautiful flowers in bloom in and around the temple grounds.

One of the Shimu-do murals adorning the main hall.

And another of the paintings from the Ox-Herding mural set.

The main altar inside the main hall with Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) sitting in the middle.

To the right of the main altar is this shrine dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion).

On the far right wall is this altar dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife).

And to the left of the main altar is this Shinjung Taenghwa (guardian mural).

The front facade to the main hall at Yongjusa Temple.

The Sanshin-gak at Yongjusa Temple.

Inside is this mural dedicated to Sanshin and a statue dedicated to Sanshin-dosa.

Inside the Yongwang-dang is a mural and statue dedicated to Yongwang (The Dragon King).

In front of Yongwang is this beautiful dragon statue.

And off in the distance is the neighbouring Samseongam Hermitage.

Muryangsa Temple – 무량사 (Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do)

The beautiful Gwanseeum-bosal statue at Muryangsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Muryangsa Temple is located in the Hwaje valley in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do. And framing the valley, as well as the temple, is the beautiful Mt. Togoksan (855m) off to the east.

You first approach Muryangsa Temple, not to be confused with the more famous one in Buyeo, Chungcheongnam-do, up several rural roads; until finally, you’ll notice the colourful parking garage that fronts the temple grounds to the right.

To the right of the parking garage at Muryangsa Temple is the temple’s Iljumun Gate. This simplistic gate is vibrantly painted in the traditional dancheong colours. Up a set of uneven stone stairs, you’ll enter the compact temple courtyard. Hanging over the archway, as you place your feet on the grass in the courtyard, is a metal manja (swastika). To the right of the two storied main hall are a collection of stone statues. The jovial character to the far right is Podae-hwasang. And he’s joined to the left by three stone statues embodying the idea of “See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil.”

These four stone statues are backed by the temple’s main hall. On the first floor is the temple’s visitors’ centre and kitchen. And on the second floor is the actual main hall. The stairs that lead up to the second floor are to the left. And other than the traditional dancheong colours, the exterior walls to Muryangsa Temple’s main hall are unadorned. Stepping inside the main hall, you’ll notice a triad of statues seated on the main altar. In the centre sits Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). Strangely enough, this statue almost appears to be giving you the middle finger with his left hand. It’s common to see Amita-bul strike a mudra (a ritual hand gesture), but it’s a bit more uncommon to see his finger elevated in such a manner. Joining this statue on either side is Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) and Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). And hanging on the far right wall is a large Shinjung Taenghwa (guardian mural).

To the left of the main hall is a shrine with a beautiful, large stone statue dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal. And to the left of this statue, and up a pathway, is the temple’s Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall. Like the main hall, the shrine hall is only adorned with dancheong traditional colours along its exterior walls. As for inside the Samseong-gak, you’ll find traditional Chilseong (The Seven Stars) and Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) murals. In addition, you’ll find a uniquely all-white robed Sanshin (Mountain Spirit) inside the Samseong-gak, as well.

HOW TO GET THERE: There’s really only one way to get to Muryangsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do, and that’s by taxi. From the Jeungsan subway station on line #2, stop #240, get a taxi from out in front of the subway station to get to the temple. The ride should take about 25 minutes and cost 14,000 won (one way).

OVERALL RATING: 4/10. This temple is a little hard to rate. While newer in construction, it has beautiful features throughout like the shaman murals and the vibrant dancheong colours on all of the temple buildings at Muryangsa Temple. However, with that being said, the temple is quite small in size, but makes up for some of these short-comings with beautiful stone statues like Podae-hwasang and Gwanseeum-bosal. It’s also a bit out of the way to see. But overall, I was pleasantly surprised with Muryangsa Temple.

The Iljumun Gate at Muryangsa Temple.

A look through the entry gate up at the main hall.

The view from the temple courtyard with the manja overhead.

The two story main hall at Muyrangsa Temple.

The three statues that represent “See no evil, speak no evil, hear no evil” out in front of the main hall.

And the three are joined by this jovial statue dedicated to Podae-hwasang.

The main altar inside the main hall.

The guardian mural to the right of the main altar.

And this little cutie followed me around most of the temple grounds.

The view to the south from the main hall at Muryangsa Temple.

This beautiful shrine dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal stands to the left of the main hall.

The freshly painted and built Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall.

The statue and mural dedicated to The Lonely Saint.

And to the right of Dokseong rest murals and statues dedicated to Chilseong and Sanshin.

The amazing view to the east of the temple grounds towards Mt. Togoksan.

Jeongtosa Temple – 정토사 (Nam-gu, Ulsan)

The Daeung-jeon Hall and temple pagoda at Jeongtosa Temple in Ulsan.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Located south of the Taehwa River that bisects the city of Ulsan, and just south of a very large cemetery called Ulsan Gongwon Myowon, is the beautiful Jeongtosa Temple. This temple is undergoing pretty extensive construction and renovation.

As you first approach Jeongtosa Temple, you’ll notice an upright stone marker that says the temple name on it: 정토사. Making your way towards the temple buildings, and up a slight incline, you’ll notice stone statues dedicated to a dongja (assistant) and Podae-hwasang with a well-worn belly that’s been rubbed for good luck. Book-ending buildings guide your way up towards the main hall on the upper terrace. These buildings are the monks’ dorms, the visitor centre, and the temple’s kitchen.

A little to the left and then back to the right up another concrete incline, you’ll be standing squarely in the temple’s main temple courtyard. Straight ahead is the Daeung-jeon Hall. This large main hall is adorned by various Buddhist motif paintings around the exterior walls like an all-white Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) and Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) riding a white elephant. As for inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find a triad of statues seated on the main altar. Seated in the centre is Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). He’s joined to the left by Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) and to the right is Yaksayore-bul (The Medicine Buddha). On the far left wall is a painting of the Dragon Ship of Wisdom ferrying people across samsara, as well as the temple’s Shinjung Taenghwa (guardian mural). And to the right of the triad of statues resting on the main altar is a multi-armed mural and statue dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal.

Out in front of the Daeung-jeon Hall, and reminiscent of the famed pagoda at Hwaeomsa Temple, is a four lion based, three tier, stone pagoda. Housed inside are the purported sari of the Buddha. And to the right of the main hall is the Myeongbu-jeon Hall. Housed inside this shrine hall is a green haired statue of Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) seated on the main altar. And this statue is joined on both sides by the Ten Kings of the Underworld.

To the left of both the main hall and the beautiful stone pagoda is a large stone statue and shrine dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal. And to the right of this statue is the highly unique concrete pantheon of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. On the top level there are such Buddhas as Seokgamoni-bul and Amita-bul, while the five statues on the bottom represent such figures as Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy), Yaksayore-bul, and Gwanseeum-bosal. I have never personally seen a shrine like this before in Korea.

To the rear of the Daeung-jeon Hall, and up another embankment, is the newly built Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall. In fact, the shrine hall is so new that it has yet to be painted with the traditional dancheong colours. As for the murals housed inside the Samseong-gak, you’ll find rather traditional paintings of Chilseong (The Seven Stars) in the centre of the three paintings, while Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) and Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) hang to both the right and left of the central mural.

To the far, far right, and housed on an overlooking terrace, is a stone semi-circular shrine dedicated to Seokgamoni-bul. This large stone statue is surrounded on all sides by his sixteen disciples, as well as the Cheonwang (Heavenly Kings). And to the rear of this shrine will be the Geukrak-jeon Hall; however, it’s currently being built. And it’s also from this height that you can look down on the temple grounds and see the large temple murals that adorn the temple buildings like the three piece, twelve mural set, dedicated to the history of Buddhism and Buddhism in Korea.

HOW TO GET THERE: From the Ulsan Intercity Bus Terminal in Nam-gu, you can take a taxi. The ride should last about 20 minutes and cost 8,000 won. You can do that or take a bus from just north of the terminal around the KEB bank. You’ll need to head north for about 500 metres. You can then take bus # 401, 307, 124, 417, 482, 712, 134, 432, or 733. The bus ride should take about 20 to 25 minutes. The name of the final bus stop, in Korean, is “공원묘지입구.” And from this bus stop, you’ll need to head north for about 5 minutes (just follow the signs).

OVERALL RATING: 8/10. I was very pleasantly surprised while visiting Jeongtosa Temple. There are a lot of halls, shrines, a beautiful pagoda, and murals to enjoy in and around the temple grounds. The highlights at this temple are the pantheon of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, the semi-circular shrine dedicated to Seokgamoni-bul, and the lion-based pagoda out in front of the main hall. But there is definitely a lot to see and enjoy at this lesser known temple near downtown Ulsan.

The entry to Jeongtosa Temple.

The entry as you make your way to the main hall.

The beautiful four lion based, three tier, pagoda reminiscent of the one at Hwaeomsa Temple.

The large Daeung-jeon main hall at Jeongtosa Temple.

One of the murals that adorns its exterior walls. This one is dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal.

The entry between the Myeongbu-jeon Hall and the Daeung-jeon Hall.

One of the three panels that describes the history of Buddhism, as well as its place in Korean culture.

The second panel

And the third.

The stone statue dedicated to Gwaneeum-bosal.

The pantheon of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas to the left of the main hall.

A closer look at the statues housed inside the shrine.

The newly built Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall.

A look inside at the unpainted interior. The two paintings here are dedicated to Chilseong to the left and Sanshin to the right.

A stone statue of Sanshin out in front of the Geukrak-jeon Hall.

The beautiful stone shrine dedicated to Seokgamoni-bul and the Nahan.

A closer look at the disciples of the Buddha.

The amazing view from where the Geukrak-jeon Hall will be housed.

And the temple’s bell pavilion at Jeongtosa Temple.

Updated: Gwaneumsa Temple – 관음사 (Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do)

The all-new Samseong-gak at Gwaneumsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

I thought I would return to the lowest rated temple on the site after I had recently seen pictures online that showed some new landscaping and repairs. With that in mind, I give to you, once more, Gwaneumsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Gwaneumsa Temple is located behind row upon row of apartments on the north-east side of Mt. Obongsan (533m). Down a mountainside back alley, you’ll see a new stone sign that reads “관음사” that welcomes you to the temple. To the left side is the temple’s monks’ facilities and dorms. Up a steep cemented incline that leads past terraced vegetable gardens and a beautiful stone lantern, you’ll finally come to a newly built stone stairway. At the base of the stone stairs that lead up to the main hall are a pair of stone frog statues.

Climbing the numerous stairs, you’ll finally arrive at the temple’s main hall. The boxy main hall has beautiful large Palsang-do murals dedicated to the life of the Historical Buddha, as well as some twisting blue and yellow dragons near the entrances. Stepping inside the rather plainly adorned interior, you’ll notice a triad of statues resting on the main altar. In the centre of the three is Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). He’s joined on either side by Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) and Daesaeji-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Power for Amita-bul). To the right of the main altar is a blue Shinjung Taenghwa (guardian mural). Look closely for Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) with his trusty tiger on his shoulder.

While one of the big changes to the temple is the landscaping, the other big change is the all new Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall to the left rear of the main hall. The exterior walls are made from brick; and regrettably, the old exterior painting of a male and female Sanshin is gone (see below). However, somewhat making up for this loss, as you step inside the Samseong-gak, is a large three-in-one mural dedicated to Dokseong (The Lonely Saint), Chilseong (Seven Stars), and Sanshin. Take a close look at the beautiful starry background to the Chilseong mural, as well as the mountainous background in the Dokseong and Sanshin parts of the mural. And to the rear of the Samseong-gak is a beautiful mature bamboo forest.

HOW TO GET THERE: To get to Gwaneumsa Temple, you can get off at Namyangsan subway station, line two, subway stop #242. After exiting from the subway station, head west for about 30 minutes. You’ll pass by a Dunkin’ Donuts at the 5 minute point, but keep heading west. You’ll then meet a steep hill with a Paris Baguette at its base at the 10 minute mark: keep heading west. Once you’re at the top of the hill, at the 20 minute mark, you’ll notice a Buddhist statue to the left. You have to turn right, where the apartments end, and head up another steep hill. Once you’re at the top of this hill you’ll notice a sign pointing you towards the temple.

NOTE: Not sure why the temple is referred to as Bogguam Hermitage on Google, but it is most definitely Gwaneumsa Temple.

OVERALL RATING: 3/10. With the new landscaping and the all new three-in-one shaman mural, Gwaneumsa Temple is lifted out of the basement on the site. Also, have a good look at the Shinjung Taenghwa with a smiling Sanshin and tiger.

The Gwaneumsa Temple sign that first greets you at the temple.

A look at the newly landscaped Gwaneumsa Temple.

The newly constructed stone stairs that lead up towards the temple’s main hall.

The main hall at Gwaneumsa Temple.

Some of the beautiful artwork in and around the main hall.

As well one as one of the beautiful blue dragons that adorns the exterior of the main hall.

The main altar inside the main hall.

A closer look at Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise).

As well as a closer look at Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion).

The Shinjung Taenghwa to the right of the main altar.

A look up towards the Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall.

The highly unique three-in-one shaman mural inside the Samseong-gak.

A closer look at the Chilseong mural.

The mature bamboo forest to the rear of the Samseong-gak.

And a look from the main hall towards the row upon row of apartments.

The old Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall taken in 2011.

A closer look at the male and female Sanshin mural that used to adorn the exterior wall of the Samseong-gak. Unfortunately, it no longer exists.

Cheonansa Temple – 천안사 (Busanjin-gu, Busan)

Jijang-bosal and a mountain stream at Cheonansa Temple in Busan.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Cheonansa Temple is located on Mt. Baekyangsan in central Busan. While overshadowed by the much more famous Seonamsa Temple to the west, the smaller sized Cheonansa Temple has a rustic charm of its own.

You approach Cheonansa Temple down some back roads until you come to a wide temple parking lot that’s fronted by a large protective stone guardian. To the right, which first greets you to the temple, is the temple’s visitors centre. Behind it, and still to the right, are the monks’ dorms.

To the left of the monks’ dorms is the temple’s main hall. Out in front of the main hall is a three tier, Silla inspired, stone pagoda. Before climbing the stairs that give you access to the main hall, there are a pair of stone reliefs book-ending the set of stairs. The stone reliefs depict Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). To the far left of the main hall is a beautiful modern statue dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). And between both the main hall and the stone statue is a mountain stream bisecting the two. And to the far left, left of Jijang-bosal, is wild grass filled with mountain hikers’ cairns.

As for the main hall, the exterior walls are adorned with beautiful Shimu-do, Ox-Herding, murals. While entering the main hall, you’ll first notice the main altar with golden flowers suspended from the ceiling above three smaller sized main altar statues. Sitting in the centre of the triad is Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). To the left of the main altar is the temple’s guardian mural. And to the left of that is a shrine for the dead and a statue of a bright, golden image of Jijang-bosal. To the right of the main altar is a shrine, once more, for Jijang-bosal. In addition to the green haired statue of this Bodhisattva, Jijang-bosal is also backed by an older image of himself. The final mural of note inside the main hall is a painting of the Bodhidharma with his back facing you in a green robe and a nimbus halo surrounding his head.

To the rear of the main hall, and up a very precarious mountainside path, are a pair of simplistic shrine halls. The shrine hall to the right is the Sanshin-gak. Housed inside this simplistic shrine hall is a vibrant painting dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit). And to the left is another simplistic shrine hall with another equally impressive image; this time, of Dokseong (The Lonely Saint).

HOW TO GET THERE: Take the Busan subway, line two (the green line), to Dongeui University stop #222. From this stop, you can take a taxi to Cheonansa Temple, and it should cost you about 4,000 won. The trip should last about 10 minutes.

OVERALL RATING: 4/10. While not anywhere as close to impressive as the neighbouring Seonamsa Temple on Mt. Baekyangsan, Cheonansa Temple makes a nice little addition if you’re already in the neighbourhood. The vibrant murals of Sanshin and Dokseong, as well as the beautiful scenery of the framing mountain are the true highlights to this smaller temple.

The mountainside view as you approach the temple on Mt. Baekyangsan.

A closer look at the statue of Jijang-bosal out in front of the main hall.

The main hall and temple shrine halls at Cheonansa Temple.

The main altar inside the main hall.

The painting and statue dedicated to Jijang-bosal.

The Bodhidharma mural on the far right wall of the main hall.

The guardian mural at Cheonansa Temple.

As well as this Chilseong mural.

The T-1000 Terminator-looking Jijang-bosal inside the main hall.

One of the Palsang-do murals that adorns the exterior walls to the main hall.

This Nathwi also adorns the main hall.

The trail that leads up towards the two shrine halls to the rear of the main hall.

The Sanshin-gak to the right rear of the main hall.

Inside is this beautiful Sanshin mural.

The view from the Sanshin-gak.

And the painting inside the Dokseong-gak of the Lonely Saint at Cheonansa Temple.

Suamsa Temple – 수암사 (Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do)

Buleum Falls at Suamsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Suamsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do is located on the northern slopes of Mt. Togoksan. It’s located between two towering mountain peaks and next to a beautiful tall waterfall called Buleum Falls (불음폭포).

You first make your way towards Suamsa Temple up a long valley. The valley stretches four kilometres in length and ends at the temple. Along the way, you’ll encounter several smaller rapids cascading over the jagged rocks. A short trek up a set of uneven stairs will bring you to the beautiful Buleum Falls. Amazingly, this waterfall is almost unknown, while the smaller Hongryong Falls at Hongryongsa Temple is much more famous. There are several great angles to enjoy this waterfall, but it’s a bit difficult to get to the base of the falls as there are no stairs that give you immediate access to Buleum Falls.

Walking across the Y-shaped green metal bridge, you’ll need to walk a bit further up the mountain trail to get to Suamsa Temple. But to keep you company along the way is the beautiful falls to your left through the forest.

Finally stepping into the temple grounds, you’ll notice the monks’ dorms, kitchen, and visitors’ centre to your far right. Perched to the left is the temple’s main hall. Uniquely, the exterior walls to the main hall are built from stone. I’ve never seen this before at a temple. I’ve seen other shrine halls, like the Yaksa-jeon Hall at Mangunsa Temple, built from stone; but never the main hall. Stepping inside the main hall, you’ll first step onto a concrete floor. It’s from there, after taking off your shoes, that you can walk around the main hall. Seated on the main altar, in the centre, is a statue of Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). This statue is joined on either side by Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) to the right and a green haired statue of Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). All three statues are backed by a beautiful white image of Gwanseeum-bosal. To the right of the main altar is a painting dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars). While to the left are two additional paintings: one of Jijang-bosal and the other is the temple’s guardian mural.

The other shrine hall visitors can explore is the Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall, which is slightly elevated to the right rear of the main hall. This shaman shrine hall is built from brick, and when you first step inside this hall you’ll instantly notice that the main altar is slightly different than other temples. Usually, the main altar is comprised of three paintings dedicated to Chilseong (which hangs in the middle). This painting is then joined on either side by Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) and Dokseong (The Lonely Saint). Instead, at Suamsa Temple, a painting of Dokseong rests in the centre of the main altar. And to the right is Sanshin, while to the left hangs a mural dedicated to Yongwang (The Dragon King). Obviously, Suamsa Temple has given prominence to a different set of shaman deities then most other temples.

HOW TO GET THERE: Outside of owning a car, the only way to get to Suamsa Temple is by taxi. You can get a taxi from Jeungsan subway station, line 2, stop #240. The taxi ride should take about 35 minutes and cost you 30,000 won (one way).

OVERALL RATING: 7/10. Suamsa Temple is a little known temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do. However, the temple’s natural beauty is nearly unrivaled by a lot of other temples on the Korean peninsula. Buleum Falls majestically flow next to the temple. As for the temple itself, it has a few quirks like the murals in the Samseong-gak, as well as the stony exterior of the main hall.

The first evidence of Buleum Falls.

The cascading water that flows as you make your way up to Suamsa Temple.

A mini-falls along the way as you get nearer and nearer to the temple grounds.

The green Y-shaped metal bridge that stands out in front of the falls.

Paper lanterns are the surest sign that a temple is nearby.

The beautiful Buleum Falls!

 A closer look at its natural beauty.

A pretty amazing view at the entrance of the temple grounds.

The main hall at Suamsa Temple.

The unique concrete entry to the main hall.

The main altar in surround sound.

The view from the main hall with its stony exterior.

The Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall.

A look across the main altar.

A closer look at the jovial Sanshin.

The view from the Samseong-gak Hall.

Cheonjuam Hermitage – 천주암 (Changwon, Gyeongsangnam-do)

The main hall at Cheonjuam Hermitage in preparation for Buddha’s birthday.

Hello Again Everyone!!

The compact Cheonjuam Hermitage is located in northern Changwon, Gyeongsangnam-do. And it’s beautifully situated on the eastern slopes of Mt. Cheonjusan, which stands an impressive 639.5 metres in height.

Follow the plethora of mountain hikers as you make your way towards Cheonjuam Hermitage. The first thing to greet you is the stone front façade to the hermitage. Before entering the hermitage, turn around to get a beautiful view of northern Changwon down below.

To the right, follow the pathway up towards the lower courtyard. Situated in the lower courtyard is a two story building that acts as the monks’ dorms at Cheonjuam Hermitage. To the left of the monks’ dorms, and overhanging from the upper courtyard, is the hermitage’s bell pavilion. It’s rather surprising that a hermitage so small in size would have such a large bell; but it does!

Having climbed the stairs either to the right or left of the bell pavilion, you’ll see the main hall to your right. The main hall is surrounded around the exterior by beautiful blue hued Shimu-do, Ox-Herding, murals. Stepping inside the main hall, you’ll notice a main altar comprised of three seated statues. Sitting in the centre is the image of Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). This statue is joined to the left by a green haired Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) and a crowned Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) to the right. And hanging over top of these three statues is a large red datjib. To the right of the main altar is a mural dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars). And to the left is the temple’s guardian mural.

The only other shrine hall that visitors can explore at Cheonjuam Hermitage is the newly constructed Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall to the right rear of the main hall. Both the Chilseong and Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) murals are rather typical in composition; it’s the Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) mural that stands out a bit with a dongja offering Sanshin an assortment of fruits including grapes and a watermelon. Also worth having a look is the fiercely painted tiger on the left exterior wall of the Samseong-gak Hall.

HOW TO GET THERE: You can get to Cheonjuam Hermitage from the Changwon Intercity Bus Terminal by taxi. The taxi ride should last about 10 minutes and cost 6,000 won. And after visiting the hermitage, there’s plenty of mountain hiking to enjoy.

OVERALL RATING: 4/10. During Buddha’s birthday, when the paper lanterns are hanging in the upper hermitage courtyard, Cheonjuam Hermitage is especially beautiful during these mid-spring months. Added to this aesthetic beauty is the large hermitage bell, as well as the Ox-Herding murals adorning the main hall and the Sanshin and tiger murals housed in and around the Samseong-gak Hall.

The front facade as you make your way up to the hermitage grounds.

The view from Cheonjuam Hermitage towards northern Changwon.

The entry to the hermitage grounds with the monks’ dorms to the right.

The bell pavilion at Cheonjuam Hermitage.

A large bell for such a small hermitage.

The main altar inside the main hall with Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) in the centre.

The amazing datjib canopy above the main altar.

The guardian mural to the left of the main altar.

And to the right is this mural dedicated to Chilseong (The Seven Stars).

One of the Shimu-do murals that adorns the exterior walls of the main hall at Cheonjuam Hermitage.

The beautiful scenery that surrounds the main hall.

The Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall to the rear of the main hall.

A closer look at the Samseong-gak Hall.

The Sanshin mural housed inside the shaman shrine hall.

A decorative tiger that adorns the left exterior wall of the Samseong-gak Hall.

The view from the Samseong-gak Hall over the monks’ dorms at Cheonjuam Hermitage.

Yeongamsa Temple – 영암사 (Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do)

The main hall and the three tier pagoda at Yeongamsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Located southwest of the towering Mt. Togoksan (855m) is Yeongamsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do. In fact, if you look towards Togoksan, you’ll be able to see the abandoned Bokcheonjeongsa Temple from Yeongamsa Temple.

You’ll first approach Yeongamsa Temple down one of the worst roads I’ve ever driven on while visiting a temple in Korea. After finally traversing the pothole filled country road, you’ll be greeted by the Cheonwangmun Gate. You’ll be greeted by this gate and a very friendly Jindo dog. Painted on the doors are two intimidating guardians. With the doors wide open, the painted Heavenly Kings take up residence behind the large wooden entry doors.

Entering the temple’s lower courtyard, you’ll notice the monks’ residence to the right and the kitchen and visitor’s centre to the left. There is a stream that divides the two sides up the centre. It’s up the embankment that you’ll enter the upper courtyard. It’s the upper courtyard that houses all of the shrine halls at the temple.

Sitting in the centre of the upper courtyard is the main hall at Yeongamsa Temple. Adorning the exterior walls to the main hall are two different types of mural sets. The lower set, which are masterful in composition, are the Shimu-do (Ox-Herding) murals. The upper set is the Palsang-do murals. Housed inside the main hall is a triad of statues that rest on the main altar. These jade-looking statues that are green in hue are centred by Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). This statue is joined on either side by Daesaeji-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power and Wisdom for Amita-bul) and Gwanseum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). This triad is surrounded on the main altar by row upon row of smaller sized green Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) statues. To the left of the main altar is an altar dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). And this bodhisattva is backed by a dark Gamno-do painting. To the right of the main altar is the guardian mural.

To the left of the main hall is a biseok, while out in front is a three tier stone pagoda. To the right rear of the main hall is a glass shrine hall dedicated to Yongwang (The Dragon King). Out in front of the Yongwang-dang is a stagnant pond with, miraculously, Koi fish inside. Stepping inside the Yongwang-dang, you’ll be greeted by another green statue; this time, of Yongwang.

Over the ridge, and to the rear of the main hall, in a plum tree orchard, is the Samseong-gak. The plainness of the shaman shrine hall is elevated by the natural beauty of the flowering plum trees during the spring months. The Chilseong (The Seven Stars) mural is traditional in composition, while the blood-red eyes of Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) and the atypical appearance of Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) standout. To the far right of the Samseong-gak, and over the bisecting stream, is another stone pagoda. This pagoda is seven tiers in height.

HOW TO GET THERE: The easiest, and perhaps only way, to get to Yeongamsa Temple is by taxi. You can get a taxi from Jeungsan subway station, #240, in Yangsan. The taxi ride should last about 30 minutes and cost 15,000 won one way.

OVERALL RATING: 5/10. While a bit treacherous to get to, Yeongamsa Temple is surrounded on all sides by the beauty of nature. As for the temple itself, the main highlights are the interior of the main hall with its jade-like looking ceramic statues, as well as the eerily dark Gamno-do painting.

The Cheonwangmun Gate at Yeongamsa Temple.

The stream that bisects the temple grounds.

The friendly Jindo dog that might just accompany you around the temple grounds.

The main hall at Yeongamsa Temple.

The biseok to the left of the main hall.

One of the murals from the Palsang-do set that adorns the exterior walls to the main hall.

As well as one of the masterful Shimu-do murals that also adorns the main hall at Yeongamsa Temple.

The unique main altar inside the main hall.

The Jijang-bosal altar inside the main hall with the Gamno-do mural backing the green bodhisattva.

The guardian mural to the right of the main altar.

The view from the Yongwang-dang towards the main hall.

The glassy exterior to the Yongwang-dang.

The hulk-like looking Yongwang (The Dragon King) inside the Yongwang-dang.

The plum tree orchard that fronts the Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall.

A closer look at the boxy Samseong-gak.

Some of the beautiful nature that surrounds Yeongamsa Temple.

Unfortunately, the Sanshin mural was placed in a glass frame. But his red eyes are still pretty menacing.

It’s not everyday that you get to see Dokseong with such a unique hairstyle.

And the seven tier pagoda through some of the plum trees.